Red Fort is in midst of Delhi. The nearest Metro is Chandini Chowk.
The UNESCO heritage fort has a sprawling 255 acres, is a must-visit destination for any traveler.
Once you arrive, you have the choice of two entrances – the Delhi Gate on the southern wall or the Lahori Gate on the western wall.
As you explore this historic fortress, you’ll learn that it served as the residence of Mughal emperors for two centuries before being taken over by the British. The last Mughal Emperor, Bahadur Shah Zafar, was even coronated here in 1837.
The Red Fort was designed and built by the legendary Architect Ustad Ahmad Lahauri, commissioned by Emperor Shah Jahan. Construction began on May 12, 1638 and was completed on April 16, 1648. The fort’s architecture is a beautiful blend of Mughal and Indo-Islamic styles.
Fun fact: The Red Fort was originally white, and was called the Quila-E-Mubarak, meaning the blessed fort. But after the British took over, they had the entire monument painted red, changing its original color and its name forever.
From a bird’s-eye view, the Red Fort is shaped like an octagon. Unfortunately, the fort was plundered of its artwork and jewels during Nadir Shah’s invasion in 1739, and much of its marble structures were later demolished by the British following the Indian Rebellion of 1857.
But despite its tumultuous history, the Red Fort remains an important symbol of India’s independence. On August 15, 1947, India’s first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, raised the Indian flag above the Lahori Gate, and every year on India’s Independence Day, the Prime Minister continues to hoist the tricolor flag and deliver a speech from the ramparts.
So, if you’re a history buff, an architecture lover, or just looking for a peaceful escape from the bustling city, a visit to the Red Fort is a must.