Rang Ghar is also known as ‘Colosseum of the East’ is in Sivsagar in Assam.
Well, if you haven’t, then you’re in for a treat because we’re talking about the Rang Ghar, one of the oldest surviving amphitheatres in Asia.
Located just 3 km away from the town of Sibsagar or Sivasagar, this ‘House of Entertainment’ is a must-visit for anyone who loves history and architecture.
Built by the Ahom ruler Swargadeo Pramatta Singha in 1746 A.D., the Rang Ghar was used by Ahom kings and nobles for witnessing sports like buffalo fights and other exciting activities held at the adjoining Rupahi Pathar. It was the go-to spot for the Rangauli Bihu festival, and its rich historical importance has made it the logo for the 33rd National Games held in Assam in 2007.
But don’t be fooled by its historical significance because the Rang Ghar has seen better days. With at least 35 noticeable cracks on the walls caused by frequent earthquakes and seismic surveys, it’s in a fragile condition. But its splendor and magnificence make it worth the visit.
The Rang Ghar stands tall at 10 meters, and its architectural style is a brilliant specimen of the Ahom style. Made exclusively of baked red bricks, it’s of supreme importance to archaeologists and historians. And get this, the Ahoms didn’t know about actual cement, so they used thin baked bricks and an indigenous form of cement made of rice paste and eggs! Talk about resourcefulness!
As you walk inside this majestic structure, you’ll come across arches adorned with captivating sculptures. And the Rang Ghar’s most striking architectural feature is its vast ground, the Rupohi Pathar. Earlier, it was the venue for wrestling, cockfights, and bullfights, but now it’s a manicured and groomed field that looks irresistible when gazed upon from the top of the building. And speaking of the top, there’s a small flight of stairs inside the hall that will lead you there. It was at this place that the dignitaries and royals used to relish the special programs and events held at Rang Ghar.
So, if you’re planning a trip to Assam, make sure to include Rang Ghar in your itinerary. There are buses and a railway station that connect to Sibsagar, and taxis and auto-rickshaws are easily available.