Are you ready to be wowed by the ancient intelligence of India?
Then you must visit the Jantar Mantar in Jaipur, a remarkable astronomical wonder built by the great Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II. This potential ruler was more than just a king, he was a physics, mathematics, and astronomy genius!
The Jantar Mantar was created to put an end to the confusion of the Islamic astronomical book, Zij, which caused a heated debate in the court of the Mughal Emperor, Muhammad Shah. And boy, did Maharaja Jai Singh II deliver! He built five observatories across India, with the Jaipur observatory being the largest of them all.
The architecture of Jantar Mantar is so stunning that you’ll be left spellbound. No mechanical technology was used in its construction, yet it comprises nineteen exclusive geometrical shapes spread over an area of 5 acres. These instruments made of brass and stone, are designed to withstand temperature changes and inaccuracies, and follow the precepts of Indian, Islamic, and Western astronomy to achieve absolute precision.
The instruments here are a curation for Pandit Jagannath, the advisor and guru of Maharaja Jai Singh II, to create birth charts and predictions of major events like wars, weddings, and even deaths. With devices such as Samrat Yantra, Raj Yantra, Chakra Yantra, and Disha Yantra, you can measure time, distances between planets and other celestial bodies, planetary motions, predict eclipses and track orbital stars, and determine the celestial height.
But that’s not all! The Jantar Mantar also has a Research Room and an Observer Room where you can view 3D models of every aspect of the observatory. And if you’re lucky, catch the light and sound show at the orientation building, which provides detailed insight into the monument’s evolution through a short film.
Fun fact: the name Jantar Mantar comes from Sanskrit words Yantra and Mantra, meaning “calculating instrument.” But due to a mistranslation, it’s now known as Jantar Mantar. Nonetheless, this incredible structure still holds its significance and impresses many tourists with its ancient intelligence.
So, what are you waiting for? Pack your bags and head to Jaipur to witness the magic of Jantar Mantar!